Eugene Garfield, information scientist: 1925-2017
It is with sadness that we learned this week of the passing of Eugene Garfield, widely regarded as the father of citation indexing and of the modern field of scientometrics, the quantitative study of the scientific literature. Throughout a long and active career spanning seven decades, Garfield made significant contributions to the understanding of the growth dynamics and internal organisation of the research enterprise, building largely on data from the Science Citation Index and subsequent variants created by his company, the Institute for Scientific Information.
Through his regular columns in Current Contents and The Scientist, Garfield helped popularize a number of terms now familiar to many in scholarly research and publishing, including ‘citation classic’, ‘research front’, and ‘publish or perish.' A number of Garfield’s own contributions to the peer-reviewed literature went on to become citation classics in their own right,